Los coronavirus: transmisión interespecie y potencial zoonótico
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Palabras clave

Zoonosis
Covs
Virus ARN
Infección viral

Cómo citar

1.
López-Pérez T de J, Anacleto-Santos J, Carrasco-Ramírez E, Rivera-Fernández N. Los coronavirus: transmisión interespecie y potencial zoonótico. CV [Internet]. 6 de diciembre de 2022 [citado 25 de abril de 2024];8. Disponible en: https://revistas.fmvz.unam.mx/index.php/Clinica-Veterinaria/article/view/85

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Resumen

Los coronavirus afectan la salud humana y a una amplia variedad de especies animales domésticas como ganado bovino y porcino, animales silvestres, aves e incluso animales de compañía. Estos virus tienen afinidad por diferentes tejidos, principalmente por los del tracto respiratorio y gastrointestinal en la mayoría de los mamíferos. Se reportan infecciones con coronavirus incluso en especies anfibias. Los brotes de coronavirus en las últimas décadas y en la pandemia (2019-2022) han sido de origen zoonótico debido principalmente a la naturaleza variable del genoma de arn que poseen estos virus, así como de otras interacciones virus-receptor, y a la diversidad genética viral facilitada por recombinación homóloga frecuente. El sars-cov-2 se originó en civetas y pangolines, y en una especie reservoria que también se identificó en los brotes de sars-cov y mers-cov: el murciélago. Estos antecedentes advierten a la comunidad científica de realizar un monitoreo continuo de las variantes virales de los coronavirus.

https://doi.org/10.22201/fmvz.23958766e.2022.8.85
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